The Concept of Beauty

The idea of beauty is influenced by ancient Greek philosophy. Plato urges a deliberate ascent away from the sensuous side of the human soul in order to attain the perfect form of love. Platonic conceptions of beauty are inadequate for understanding significant conceptions of beauty, which rely on sensuality and perfection. But, this view does not fully explain the complex nature of the concept of beautiful things. In fact, a strictly Platonic account is inadequate for understanding the significance of aesthetics and beauty.


The classical conception of beauty is an arrangement of integral parts in a coherent whole. It is the primordial Western conception of beauty and is represented in classical and neo-classical art. According to Aristotle in his Metaphysics and Poetics, beauty is characterized by order and symmetry. These qualities create a sense of definiteness and awe in the viewer. The classical concept of the aesthetics of beauty is rooted in the tradition of the ancient world.

While beauty is a universal concept, there are certain characteristics that are necessary to be considered “beautiful”. The basic definition of beauty is “perfect union.” In other words, it must be symmetrical. The most aesthetically pleasing objects are those that are harmonious, beautiful, and well-maintained. In a society, a person should be able to find and maintain their own personal values, but they must be accepted by society as a whole.