Beauty is frequently defined as a subjective quality of things that makes those objects enjoyable to see. Such objects may include sunsets, landscapes, art and humans. Beauty, along with individual taste and culture, is the prevailing theme of aesthetics, another of the many branches of applied philosophy. Aesthetic appreciation is the only science that attempts to define beauty.


Philosophy of beauty has long been in dispute. Descartes, in his statement “I think therefore I am,” raised the idea that all ideas are self-contemplations. According to him, knowledge and its certainty could be established by seeing and feeling certain things, with the result that these notions can be objective and therefore truthful. According to Russell, the word beauty means something altogether different from Descartes’ idea of beauty because it signifies something subjective and aesthetic. According to him, beauty consists in the emotion or disposition in the face of beauty.

In photography, the term beauty has various meanings. In advertising photography, beauty is often used to indicate the aesthetic impression of a product or the emotional impact it may have on the viewer. The term romance is frequently used to denote an emotion more intense than joy, which can be further subcategorized into innocent and passionate. Beauty in literature is the most common term used to denote the emotion of love, a desire for admiration, a liking for art or a desire to attain perfection.