Beauty is defined by most philosophers as the beauty of objects, which makes these objects pleasant to see. These objects may include nature, Sunsets, humans, and works of art. Beauty, along with beauty, is perhaps the most important theme of aesthetics, possibly the most important branch of aesthetics. The word “Beauty” comes from the Greek word “aesthetic”, which means “appealing”.


For many philosophers and aestheticians (especially those in ancient Greece), the aesthetic sense is primarily an inward sense. It is associated with personal values, and the search for the aesthetic feeling of being beautiful. The term “beauty” is not used to describe mere physical appearance, but to denote something that is aesthetically satisfying – it is the subjective idea of beauty. Modern philosophers, however, use the term “beauty” much more loosely, including in the definition of beauty in a wide range of subjective concepts, including a person’s personal values, their personal preferences and the like.

The issue of beauty has been a very complex one. For much of the nineteenth and twentieth century it was closely linked to the issue of rationalism. In the early nineteenth century German philosophers like Sigmund Freud developed the theory of female beauty, and the theories of ideal beauty were closely linked to moral evaluations. In the later part of the twentieth century the concept of beauty became closely associated with post-modernism, with the rise of the decoupage movement.