Beauty and Aesthetics

Whether a person is beautiful or not, there are different approaches to its definition. For Plato, beauty is an ideal and lies in the domain of Forms. This world is immaterial and ideal. For Aristotle, beauty is a material and physical concept that is a product of the observer’s experience. Both thinkers agreed that beauty is a subjective experience, a subjective quality of the art object. Aristotle defined beauty as pleasing the senses of sight and aesthetics.


The classical conception of beauty states that beauty is the arrangement of integral parts into a cohesive whole. This view of beauty is the primate Western conception of aesthetics, and is expressed in the work of both classical and neoclassical art. The Greek philosopher Aristotle, in the Poetics and Metaphysics, argues that beauty is a function of order. In addition to its aesthetic appeal, beauty also evokes an emotional response such as love or desire.

Aesthetic value is the ability of an object or work to evoke the admiration or pleasure of an observer. This quality is called “beauty,” and its occurrence in a given work of art is often a signal of its high value. It differs from the subjective sense of taste, which varies according to the taste of the person judging it. Generally, beauty is a highly valued quality. It is not an adjective that can be applied to all kinds of art.