The Many Sports Of America
Sports have always been governed by some sort of unwritten rules or traditions, that help to ensure fair play, and enable consistent adjudication of the outcome. In professional sport, records of past performance are kept, and this data can be widely reported or broadcasted in media for public announcement or discussion. In amateur sport, on the other hand, little is done to maintain consistency of performance, as most players prefer to try their luck in striking the ball, rather than to make a record of their performance. However, even in such situations, players are expected to adhere to the spirit of the game. For example, in motorcar racing, the drivers must not race out of turn, or behind the safety car, as these actions may cause them damage or even injury.
There are many activities that are governed by unwritten rules, such as cricket, rugby, tennis, American football, hockey, swimming, motor-bicycle racing, beach volleyball, diving, and basketball. In most of these sports, players are required to wear uniform, take part in drills or practices, and perform through official sanctioned tournaments. Competitions may be won by beating an opponent, or scoring the most goals, with the player or team scoring the most goals being named the winner. Some sports are based entirely on the skill and the accumulation of points and are thus not governed by unwritten rules. For example, billiards, which involves the use of a cue, or snooker, is not governed by any unwritten rule that would require the player to stand or sit down, or wear any kind of clothing.
All sporting activities are subject to both local and national legislation, which applies to sports competitions. A wide variety of sporting activities are governed by government regulation in the United States, including baseball, basketball, golf, rugby, softball, ice hockey, tennis, swimming, softball, track and field, soccer, motor-car racing, cricket, wrestling, surfing, horse-riding, and surfing. Most of these games are not regulated by federal, state, or local laws. Because most sports are amateur athletic competition, there are no national, state, or local governing bodies for most sports. However, because professional sports players often belong to professional sports organizations, they are required to participate in licensing and certification programs, which ensure the players’ safety and fair play.