Aesthetics is the branch of philosophy that studies the appeal of aesthetics. Aesthetics focuses on the idea of beauty as an attribute of objects, landscapes, sunsets, works of art, and people. The study of aesthetics can be broadly divided into two types: natural and artificial. In nature, beauty is most commonly found in nature, but can also be found in people. This article will explore both types of beauty in different cultures.
Aesthetics began with a scientific approach. This was followed by the development of the discipline in the 1800s. The first branch of psychology focused on the aesthetic experience of subjects, using experimental methods to derive laws of appreciation. While these theories were unsatisfactory, many early psychologists embraced the objectivist, formalist connotations of beauty. They have a more modern view of beauty, though. They have been working on the subject of aesthetics for decades.
The scientific approach to aesthetics consists of two branches. One is psychological aesthetics, which uses experimental methods to explore the complexities of aesthetic experiences, and the other is naturalistic aesthetics. In both branches, the objective of beauty is to create laws of appreciation, derived from the consensus of subject responses. In the case of nature, Fechner favored the term omnium gatherum to describe the value of nature and objects. Later psychologists, however, rejected this use of the term beauty.